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Agra Tourism and Travel Guide

About Agra

Agra is famous as being home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World-the Taj Mahal. Agra
The architectural splendour of the mausoleums, the fort and the palaces is vivid reminder of the opulence of the legendary Mughal Empire, of which Agra was the capital in the 16th and early 17th centuries. While its significance as a political center ended with the transfer of the capital to Delhi in 1634 by Shah Jahan, its architectural wealth has secured its place on the international map. A pleasant town with a comparatively slow pace, Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soapstone by craftsmen who are descendants of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its carpets, gold thread embroidery and leather

Climate of Agra

Agra's climate varies greatly. It is very hot in summer (April - July) and cold in winter (December - January). The average temperature can vary from 25°C to 46°C during the summer and 22°C to 5°C during the winter. The weather is humid during the monsoon season.

In summer adequate precautions need to be taken, to avoid the intense heat, such as wearing light cotton clothing, wearing a hat or sunshade while going outdoors and drinking plenty of liquids. In winter, wearing warm or woolen clothing will protect you from the cold.

How to Reach Agra

By Air: There are regular flights and trains from other cities of India especially Delhi its closest metropolis and an International gateway.

AgraBy Rail: There are numerous trains from Delhi that connects Agra with a total journey time of three hours.

By Road: We can arrange for you AC or Non AC coaches and cars for your tour to the city of Taj with helpful guides.

Cuisine in Agra

Apart from being great builders, the Mughals were also known as great food connoisseurs. Almost every Mughal emperor has passed on his personal recipe as he moved along the passage of time, which is known as Mughlai food. This is why, perhaps, the influence of the Mughals is most felt in their food. To get the real taste of authentic Mughlai cuisine or the cuisine of Agra, one need to travel to Agra.

Several of India's famous meat dishes have come from the kitchen of the Mughals. Apart from introducing the tandoor (earthen oven), used to make rotis and kababs - which are pieces of meat marinated in spices and skewered over a coal tandoor. Some of the famous Mughlai dishes include tandoori chicken, seekh and boti kabab and even tandoori fish.

And Agra being an important Mughal seat for long, it is natural for the city of the Taj Mahal boasting to be the city serving the best Mughlai cuisine. The superb Mughlai cuisine with its luscious sauces of milk, curd, cream and crushed nuts is available in major hotels and restaurants in Agra

Agra travel is incomplete without savouring the Mughlai cuisine that the city of Taj Mahal is also famous for. Apart from trying out the Mughlai spread in the star hotels and restaurants, one should also try out the small dhabas that dots the city. Some of them serve even better fares than a regular five-star hotel in Agra

Shopping in Agra

Apart from being one of the most sought after tourist destinations in the world, Agra has the privilege of being aAgra shopper's paradise too. The city abounds with shopping malls and areas where you can buy the specialties of the place. As the world famous Taj Mahal is made purely of Marble, it is natural that the markets must be flooded with the replicas of the Taj in marble. They can be purchased as gift item, decorative or as souvenirs. But all that glitters is not gold. So it is the same with the replicas. They are in fact not made of marble but of one stone called Talk. Besides being cheap, the stone resembles marble. So, it is advisable that while buying any marble item ensure that you are purchasing the original thing.

Agra is also noted for the leather industry, which produces a large number of leather items. These hand made leather items are made by the inmates of the Agra. This helps them earn a good livelihood. Leather chappals (sandals), purses, bags, decorative items and many more such leather products are also made by the locals. You can find sandal and rose wood items in the handicraft craft emporiums and shops. One can also find the brass decorative pieces and stone carved images in the shops. Agra is also known for soft stone inlay work and durries, the zari embroidery work. The city is also famous for its sweets 'petha' and 'Gazak' and saltish snack 'Dalmoth.

Monuments in Agra

The Taj Mahal in Agra India is a monument that has inspired poets and architects to rapture. The Taj Mahal is a memorial to everlasting love. Prince Khurram was the son of Jahangir the Mughal Emperor. While still a teenager, he met the breathtakingly beautiful Arjumand Banu Begum, whose good looks inspired court poets of the Mughal court to say, "The moon, hid its face in shame before her." Khurram told his father the Emperor that he had found his bride. Five years later they were married and from then on they were inseparable. Khurram ascended to the throne, as Shah AgraJahan - "the ruler of the world" in 1628. Arjumand Banu Begum was called Mumtaz Mahal - the chosen one of the place and was Shah Jahan's constant companion. She died shortly after giving birth to their 14th child in 1631. Her dying wish was that Shah Jahan would build her a mausoleum unrivalled in beauty anywhere in the world, which he fulfilled when he built the Taj Mahal in Agra India.

A grief stricken Shah Jahan lost all interest in administering his empire and turned his energies towards the construction of this grand mausoleum. The Indian poet and Nobel Laureate, Rabindranath Tagore described the Taj Mahal as a teardrop that glistened "spotlessly bright on the cheek of time..." For the next 22 years the work continued and drained the Mughal treasury of 32 million rupees. According to the poet Sir Edwin Arnold, the Taj Mahal in Agra India, is "not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor's love wrought in living stones."

Today the Taj Mahal in Agra India stands as a symbol of eternal love, which continues to mesmerize tourists from around the world.
Agra Fort

The Agra Fort is situated on a bank of the River Yamuna in Agra. It was built during the years 1565 and 1574 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. Later, his grandson, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, added to the palaces and structures within the fort. The Agra Fort has a mighty wall made of red sandstone, which runs for 2 ½ Kilometers around the perimeter of the fort. The main entrance to the Agra Fort is through a grand gateway called the Delhi Gate, which is decorated with inlay work in white marble. The Agra Fort is partially occupied by the Indian Army and sections of the fort are restricted for tourists. There is another entrance through which tourists can enter; this is calledAgra the Amar Singh Gate. After entering the Agra Fort, you will find yourself in the grand courtyard. The Diwan-i-Am or Hall of Public Audience and Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience are located within the fort and contain examples of exquisite Mughal carvings on their many pillars. There are grand palaces, such as the Khas Mahal and the Shish Mahal, within the Agra Fort. The rooms in the palaces within the Agra Fort were kept cool by an ingenious system of water channels that ran through all the rooms keeping them cool as the water evaporated. The high ceilings and marble latticed screens also provided natural cooling and blocked out the intense rays of the sun.

The mosques, Nagina Masjid and Mina Masjid, within the Agra Fort, were used by the royal family and the Mughal courtiers for prayer services and the Mina Bazar was a small market where the ladies of the Zenana could shop for perfumes, clothes, cosmetics, and jewellery. There are formal gardens with flowering plants and fruit trees in between the palaces within the Agra Fort.

Fatehpur Sikri is located 40 kilometers from Agra India. You can see this magnificent city with its amazing monuments of red sandstone and marble, built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, on tours to Agra with Agra Hub.

According to legend, the Emperor Akbar, though he had many wives, did not have an heir. He went on a pilgrimage to Sheikh Salim Chisti, a Sufi saint who lived near Agra and sought his blessings. Akbar was blessed with an heir, who he named Salim, after the saint, in gratitude. (Salim later inherited the throne as the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.)

The beautiful monuments at Fatehpur Sikri are a synthesis of Islamic and Hindu architecture reflecting the religious tolerance of Akbar. Akbar also founded a syncretic religion called Din-i-Illahi, which inspired some of the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri. The city of Fatehpur Sikri was built as a sign of the Emperor Akbar's gratitude to Sheikh Salim Chisti. AgraWork on the city started in 1571 and was completed 15 years later. Agra Hub takes you on tours to Agra which include the historic destination of Fatehpur Sikri.

Some of the grand structures at Fatehpur Sikri include the Panch Mahal, the Buland Darwaza, the tomb of Salim Chisti, the Jama Masjid Mosque and the life-size chessboard where courtiers could play the role of pieces. The architectural beauty of the monuments of Fatehpur Sikri have led to its being declared a World Heritage Site. Fatehpur Sikri is considered to be one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in India.

Hotels in Agra

Luxury and Deluxe Hotels in Agra
Hotel Amar Vilas, Agra
Hotel Jaypee Palace, Agra
Hotel Mughal Sheraton
Hotel Taj View, Agra
Hotel Agra Ashok, Agra
First Class Hotels in Agra
Hotel Trident Hilton, Agra
Hotel Clarks Shiraz, Agra
Hotel Holiday Inn, Agra
Hotel Mansingh Palace, Agra
Hotel Howard Park Plaza, Agra
Budget Class Hotels in Agra
Hotel Amar, Agra
Hotel Deedar-e-Taj, Agra
Hotel Amar Yatri Niwas, Agra