Jaipur Tourism and Travel Guide:
History of Jaipur: Jaipur, the pink city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, who ruled from 1699-1744. Initially his capital was Amber, which lies at a distance of 11kms from Jaipur. He felt the need of shifting his capital city with the increase in population and growing scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took great interest while designing this city of victory. He consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the lay out of Jaipur.
After several battles with Marathas, Jai Singh was keen on the security aspect of the city. Due to this reason, he focused on his scientific and cultural interests to make a brilliant city. Being, a lover of mathematics and science, Jai Singh sought advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of
Bengal, to aid him design the city architecture. Vidyadhar referred the ancient Indian literature on astronomy, books of Ptolemy and Euclid, and discussed the plan with the King.
With a strategic plan, the construction of the city started in 1727. It took around 4 years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was built following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture. The city was divided into nine blocks, out of which two consist the state buildings and palaces, whereas the remaining seven blocks were allotted to the public. In order to ensure the security, huge fortification walls were made along with seven strong gates.
According to that time, architecture of the town was very advanced and certainly the best in Indian subcontinent. In 1853, when Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted in Pink color to welcome him. Still, the neat and broadly laid-out avenues, painted in pink provide a magical charm to the city. Jaipur is rich in its cultural and architectural beauty, which can be traced in the various historical and aesthetic places that reside in the city. This city of victory really wins the hearts of the people with its splendid charisma.
Climate: The city of Jaipur is capital to the northern Indian state of Rajasthan. It is famous for its colorful culture, forts, palaces, and lakes. Like most other north Indian cities, Jaipur too has extreme climate. The summers can be very hot with mercury crossing 45°C, whereas winters are chilly and the temperature can fall below 5°C.
People of Jaipur: Rajasthan has a vibrant culture and a thousand-year-old heritage. The official language of the state is Hindi but the primary spoken language is Rajasthani. There are however deviations according to various regions. For instance, Malwi in South-East Rajasthan, Mowati in North East Rajasthan and Jaipuri in the eastern part of the state to name just a few. The Culture of Jaipur epitomizes the very essence that the state of Rajasthan stands for – royalty & chivalry, heritage & history, festivals & colours. And the people of Jaipur like any other part of Rajasthan are known for their colourful attires, their love for their heritage and tradition. The brown-colored desert people are quite affable and win the hearts of the tourists with their sweet smiles and warm and cordial hospitality.
The streets and market places of Jaipur still witnesses scenes of turbaned Rajasthani men, moving around with their women, who are dressed in swirling skirts and flashing Meenakari (enamel) jewellery that bring to life all the colours of the desert. They wear heavy lac bangles that
reach above their elbows and often have tattoos on their arms and even chin.
The religion and costumes of the tribes vary. They each have their own religion, costumes and profession. The religion followed by Rajasthanis, in general, is the Hindu religion. Various other religions are also prevalent in Rajasthan. Some of these religions are: Jain Religion, the Jains follow the teachings of Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara. Mahavira stressed on the practice of Non-violence. Sikh Religion Over time, there has been a considerable increase in the number of followers of Sikh religion. The Sikhs believe in formless God and worship their holy book ‘Guru Granth Sahib’. Some other major religions that are followed are Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Parsi religion.
How to Reach?
By Air: Jaipur Airport is located near Sanganer at a distance of 13 kms from the city of Jaipur. Many domestic airlines connect the city to all the major cities of India including Udaipur andJodhpur as well. Flights for Delhi and Mumbai run on a regular basis. The airport has been granted the status of an international airport and connects to the foreign cities like Sharjaha and Muscat too.
By Rail: Jaipur Railway Station is a central main station of the state of Rajasthan. The vast rail track of Indian Railways connects Jaipur station with all other cities of India. There are numerous trains which run on a regular basis to and from Jaipur.
By Road; Jaipur is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur.
Shopping in Jaipur: Undertake an adventure through the narrow market lanes – colorful, chaotic and lined with shops built into the old city frame. Shopping in Jaipur, on your tour to Jaipur under the golden triangle tour package, is an experience that you shouldn’t miss.
There are several shopping places in Jaipur that vary from specialty markets, general interest markets and government approved state emporiums. Shopping in Jaipur usually revolves around shopping for jewelry.
Jaipur, Rajasthan, is famous for its precious and semi-precious stones such as diamonds, topaz and emeralds. Shopping in Jaipur, especially in the specialty Johari Market, will yield jewels with unparallel cut, polish and designs.
Shopping in Jaipur is incomplete without shopping for handicrafts, lacquered brass work, Minarkari, textiles in tie and dye (bandhani), Sanganeri and Bagru block prints.
You can also shop for tie and dye saris and dress materials, besides jewelry at the Johari Market. For jewelry, there are many renowned shops that line Gopaliji Ka Rasta and Haldion Ka Rasta that you can visit on your shopping in Jaipur. If quality is not your main concern, you can also settle for the cheap makeshift silversmith’s shop on the footpath.
Bapu Bazaar and Nehru Bazaar are popular places for shopping in Jaipur. Here, you can purchase textiles, local perfumes, sandals etc. Other popular places for shopping in Jaipurfor textiles, ironware and watching artists work firsthand include the Tripolia Bazaar and the Chaura Rasta. Other places where you can go shopping in Jaipur for specific items include Maniharon Ka Rasta (lac bangles), Khajanewalon Ka Rasta (marble carving), Saganer village (block printing, hand-made paper, blue pottery), Kishanpol Bazar (tie and dye textiles), Hawa Mahal (lac bangles, textiles), and Ramganj Bazar (jutis).
MI Road is another popular tourist haunt where shopping in Jaipur is concerned. Here, you can lay your hands at jewelry, textiles, brass mark, marble carvings, miniature paintings, textiles etc at one place. Some of the government recommended emporiums (where there is no room for bargaining) include Handloom House, Khadi Ghar and Rajasthan Government Handicraft Emporium.
No matter where you shop and what you are looking for, do take home a puppet while shopping in Jaipur, on your tour to Jaipur under the Golden Triangle Tour.